About Koi


Beautiful White Koi

You have to admire the ingenuity of the early Japanese koi fish breeders.  

They took an ordinary fish with one or two colors and selectively bred the wide variety of colors and patterns that make up the koi standards of today and created a whole industry based on a common carp. They created colors of brilliant reds, blacks and green with some yellow and the ever popular white.

Most koi have a base of white, with spots or patches of other colors. Red and Black patterns are more common, with solid colors being more rare and unique. So, what makes the white koi so popular?  Is it just because it makes a wonderful contrast to other colors, or is it something else?

I don’t know the answer to that question, but I do know they are a unique color and sometimes appear to shine like platinum when they are solid white.  Fish that are one color have become popular with koi keepers and some appear to have metallic looking scales that makes them even more lustrous than some of their other cousins.

Each variety of koi has a certain standard and classifications they fall into. But, unless you are into raising koi, you probably won’t be able to recognize all of them. The two most popular varieties are white koi with red markings called the Kahaku in Japanese and the other is only one color, usually a yellow or white, called the Ogon variety.

Sometimes the solid color fish seem plain and over the years, large fins have become desirable as a way of offsetting the plainness of their bodies. No matter what the color is or the variety, the color of a Ogon koi should be the same from their heads to their tails and all the way down to the tips of their fins.

White koi have the added attraction of being a hardy and fast growing fish that stand out well in ponds that have murky water and poor filtering systems. The Ogon variety also include others such as the Nezu, Orenji and the Fuji koi fish.

Every koi owner wants to show off his fish. And one thing that really encourages pond owners to put in lots of koi is the large variety of colors these fish come in. They show off their best colors and are always viewed best when looking down on the pool. The reason is fairly simple, most of their color pigments are on the top of the fish. This is also the reason the fish are shown in in round pools and viewed from the top at events around the world.

Getting the best information about koi fish colors and deciding which variety you want to keep is the first step toward having a great Koi fish pond.  Get all the answers you need about koi colors from the experts in the “The Beginner’s Guide to Raising Healthy Koi“.

CLICK HERE to get your own copy of this unique book and learn how to raise healthy beautiful white koi.

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Koi Disease

Wonderful Koi Colors

I Love These Koi Colors

Generally, koi are tough fish and usually have a high resistance to disease and illness. But, the health of a fish is heavily dependent on two factors, water quality and diet.

If their environment or water is bad and we feed them a crappy diet, their immune system gets stressed out. And their resistance to disease can go way down and even the mightiest fish can get sick.

There are several types of bacteria, parasite, fungi, and other illnesses that are common to tropical fish as well as koi. 

If you’re a veteran fish keeper, then you may have heard of some these fish diseases and know how to recognize them.  But, if you are a new fish keeper, then some of these diseases and illnesses may be new to you.  Either way, it’s great to get to know and review the symptoms, so you can quickly recognize them in your fish.

Pond Water Quality

It does not take much of a stretch to believe that disease and water quality (or the lack of quality) go hand in hand.  The following are among the most important things you can do to help maintain your water quality. High-quality water will help prevent your koi from developing disease.

1.  Make sure that the nitrate level in your pond water is no more than 50 ppm (parts per million).

2.  Make sure you have no ammonia and nitrite in your pond.

3.  Avoid a population explosion in your pond.  The more fish you have, the more wastes you will have in the water.  Make sure you do not have too many fish in the water.  Did you know that fish actually grow faster in a pond with fewer fish in it?  Their bodies simply react to the larger areas of water and they grow faster.

Another good reason to limit the fish load is that you reduce competition for food and lower the stress levels on the fish during their feeding times.

4.  Install a good filtration system.  Water quality is next to godliness to a fish.  By keeping the water circulating properly, you maintain a higher level of quality with less chance of debris or bacteria build up. The absence of bad bacteria floating around means your koi are less likely to develop disease.
The use of a UV sterilizer or clarifier helps to eliminate much of the bacteria, but your pond may still be harboring bacteria somewhere.

Fish Diet

Don’t forget about the importance of diet on your fish’s health.   An entire chapter of the “The Beginner’s Guide To Raising Healthy Koi” has been devoted to diet, especially the affect it has on the koi’s stress levels and its overall health.

Whatever you do, don’t beat yourself up when unpleasant things happen. It’s impossible to prevent all water-borne bacteria and other pathogens from sneaking into your koi pond.  So when you find something, don’t feel guilty.  In fact, most of the time you should feel pretty good about yourself for keeping the pond as bacteria-free as it is.

After all, consider this fact:  It’s possible for bacteria, viruses, fungus, and parasites to enter your pond’s environment through the air.  You’re never going to provide your koi with a completely sterile environment or one that promises the elimination of all potential disease.

Getting good information is the first step toward having a great Koi fish pond. Get all the information you need to keep koi fish healthy from the experts in the “The Beginner’s Guide to Raising Healthy Koi“.

CLICK HERE to get your own copy of this unique book.

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How To Raise Koi

How to Raise Koi – The One Thing You Really Need

The most important thing you need when learning how to raise koi, and the one thing you cannot do without, is good reliable information.  Koi are beautiful fish and anyone who wants to raise them must have the best information available.

Anyone who raises fish knows that a fish needs just three things:  Clean water, good food and protection from predators to survive.  If you have those things covered, everything else are just enhancements to make them look better.  But sometimes the enhancements are what make a puddle of water look good and will make your koi pond exceptional.

But it is the quality of the information you have that makes the difference between success and failure.  This is true no matter what you are doing.

Information You Need on How to Raise Fish

If you are raising koi fish or thinking about a fish pond to raise other fish, there are several things you need good information on:

1.  How to get and keep good water quality is the number one consideration to raising healthy, colorful and vibrant fish.  No matter what kind of fish it is, they cannot survive very long in poor quality water.

There are several ways to get good healthy water and maintenance is required to keep the water clean and clear enough to make sure your fish stay healthy.  There are kinds of filters to remove wastes and systems to kill algae and organisms that make fish sick.  But, how do you know what you need?  And what kind of program do you need to keep your pond clean?  Good questions deserve good information.

2.  What kind of food do you feed your scaly pets.  Koi will eat almost anything from plants to worms to commercially developed foods.  They really have no preference as long as it is food.  But just like other pets, if they become accustomed to commercially prepared food, they may resist changing to a new food.  But I have never know a koi that would not snack on bugs, worms and vegetables.

Feeding schedules and quantities are important to training your koi and maintaining your health.  If you feed at the same time and place every day, koi will congregate at that area and compete for food.  They should be small amounts more often in warmer weather and less often when it turns cold.  You need good information to learn how much and how often to feed your fish.

3.  How do you recognize when a fish is sick.  Some people have a way of becoming attached to their fish.  To the extent that they name them and even talk to them.  But this is not necessarily a bad thing, because it also lets you learn what is normal for your fish.

Fish act abnormally when they are sick or are injured.  As you get to know your fish, you will be able to recognize when one of them is out of character.  Fish, especially koi, are social animals.  Watch your fish at feeding time and if one of them is not feeding or is staying away from the school, it could be an indicator of a problem.

These are just three of the things you need good information on when you are raising koi or any other kind of fish.  Good information is a key element to raising healthy koi with vibrant colors or any other kind of ornamental fish.

So, where do get good quality information?  You have several options, you can scour the internet looking for information or buy a good reference book from any number of vendors.

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How To Build A Cheap Koi Pond

Wonderful Koi Colors

Imagine Your Koi Looking Like This

Koi Ponds have become the premier aquarium for many people around the world. These fish come in a huge variety of colors and patterns and there is a lot of pleasure and for some people, profit, in owning koi fish.

Koi fish ponds bring out the best in people. As a result of this, many people look at a pond and envision how it would look in their own backyard.  If they like and want to keep koi fish, they willingly take on the task of building a koi pond.

A lot of DIY koi pond builders are successful, but many soon realize that it takes a lot of expertise to successfully build and maintain a koi pond.   If you want a pond with out the great expense, ask the question “How can I save money”?     Yes, it does requires a lot; however, if you are remotely handy with tools, a few simple suggestions should put you well on your way to owning your koi pond.

There is no reason to believe that an in-ground koi pond is necessary. Consider building an above ground pond the same way you would build a wading pool that was a couple of feet deep. The size of the pool determines how much it costs to build and how many fish it can support.  You can save hundreds, even over the cost of a kit.  Follow these steps:

1. Determine how much area you want to devote to your pool. A 10 feet by 12 feet pool that is two feet deep is a good size and makes the calculations easy. 10X12X2 = 240 cubic feet of pool. Multiply this by 7.5 gallons and you end up with an 1800 gallon above ground pool that will support five or six fish easily.  If you want to make the pond deeper, it can easily be done by digging a hole and make part of the pond be below ground level.

2. Build the pond structure out of 4X6 or 6X6 timbers. You may have to cut some of them to make the joints, but this will allow you to overlay the joints and give the structure added strength to contain the pressure of the water. Drill holes through the timbers about a foot into the ground to hold the structure in place. You can also drill holes for the skimmer and water lines.  Water lines and valves are ordinary PVC and are very reasonably priced.

3. Find a suitable place to put a utility area with the pump, filter and water purifying equipment. I would put it in an out of the way spot that can be covered with a shelter or hidden with plants. Run the water lines from the pond structure and electrical conduit to the utility area. Make sure you seal the flanges used with the lines and I suggest a valve installed in each line to isolate the pond when you want to do any maintenance on the utilities.

4. Install a liner. It has to be a heavy gauge plastic liner. This is one area I would not go cheap on. The heavier, the better and I suggest at least 1/2 inch of styrofoam or vermiculite under the floor and sides of the liner to cushion it against imperfections in the ground and the sides of the timbers.

The liner should be at least 45 mils thick and (if possible) cover the entire area inside your pool without any seams come from a reputable dealer. Finding the right koi pond liner can be as easy as going to the Pond Market website and selecting a liner with a warranty from Pond Market.

Another option is to buy a pond kit, but before you spend any money, compare prices and don’t spend any more than you have to get the right kit for your yard.

Finding the right koi pond kit that has everything in it you need to build a koi or garden pond could be as easy as heading down to your local hardware store or going online to do your shopping.

Go to the Amazon website and find out what a competitive price for a complete kit is from the largest online store.

5. Fill the pond with water to just above the flanges and check for water leaks in the plumbing. If you find any, pump the water out and fix them. Then continue filling until the water level is about six inches below the top of the structure.

6. Start pumping the water, use any dechlorination method you want and let the water circulate for several weeks to stabilize the temperature and quality before you put any fish into it.  This is also a good time to install plants in and around the pond to provide shade and food for your koi.

7.  Put your koi in the pond and enjoy.

8.  Start thinking about other things you can do.  This type of construction makes it easy to add waterfalls or fountains.  Let your imagination be your guide. 

Getting the best information is the first step toward having a great Koi fish pond and information is available now.  The The Beginner’s Guide to Raising Healthy Koi“ offers the latest up-to-date information on building your pond and keeping your fish healthy, vibrant and happy.  Get a copy by clicking here now.

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